A study at the Ohio State University that examined data from a large national study tracked youths over time and drew the conslucion that adolescents that are living in neighbourhoods which are struck by poverty are at an elevated risk of becoming sexually transmitted infection. The infection cited in here is Chlamydia, happening in young adulthood.
The study analysis indicated that children who lived in these poor neighbourhoods throughout their adolescent years had a nearly 25 per cent higher chance of having Chlamydia in their early 20s. The surprising fact is that this tendency is found even if the teenagers themselves aren’t poor. The effect of living in an impoverished area on the risk for later disease was unaffected by additional famous STI risk factors, such as depression, having multiple sex partners or starting sexual activity at a very young age.
Jodi Ford, who is the lead author of this study and is currently an assistant professor of nursing at Ohio State University said, “There is a long-term impact of living in poverty on the risk for sexually transmitted infections in young adulthood, above and outside behavioral problems, we’ve got a lot of interventions hoping to address sexual risk behaviors, but few target neighborhood poverty and disadvantage. And this work shows that living in a bad neighborhood may have a long-term impact on health.”
Ford conducted the study by Christopher Browning, professor of sociology at Ohio State. The prevalence of chlamydia among the young adults surveyed was 4.6 percent, which is relatively low compared to what national data suggest, Ford explained. That could be because the federal longitudinal study where she brought her sample took place in schools, which means it failed to capture parts of the population who’d dropped out prior to the beginning of the Add Health study.
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