What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STDs?

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Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are spread from person to person through sexual contact, including oral sex and anal intercourse. These diseases can be passed through any contact between the genitals of one person and the genitals, anus, mouth or eyes of another person. Also, these diseases can be transmitted non-sexually, like via blood transfusions, shared needles and from mother to infant during pregnancy or childbirth.

sexually transmitted disease

There are several different STDs, but the most common ones are herpes simplex virus type II human papilloma virus (genital herpes), chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV and genital warts. Some infections that can be spread by sexual activity, such as the hepatitis B virus, aren’t traditionally referred to as STDs because they are spread primarily by additional means.

Symptoms

STDs have a range of symptoms and signs. Due to this reason, they are frequently confused with the other medical ailments. The usual symptoms of STDs are as follows.

  • Painful or burning urination
  • Bumps on the genitals  
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Rashes (over the trunk, feet or hands)

Treatment Options

Sexually transmitted diseases brought on by germs are easy to treat but viral diseases cannot always be treated. The treatment choice is based upon the disease. The treatment options are as follows.

Antibiotics
— Antibiotics can cure many sexually transmitted parasitic and bacterial infections such as gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis.

Antiviral drugs — Daily suppressive therapy combined with prescription antifungal medication can reduce herpes recurrences, but you can still give your partner herpes at any moment. Antiviral drugs are able to keep HIV disease in check for many years.

sexually transmitted diseases treatment

Dealing with STDs

It’s traumatic for anybody to determine that they have an STD. Don’t jump into the conclusion and blame your spouse. Place the blame-game on grip. Your battle is with the STD, and not having an individual. Be frank with your healthcare provider. Be open to them and anything you tell will be confidential. Contact your health department to discover whether there are STD programs that provide confidential testing, therapy and partner solutions.

Read more articles on Sexual Health.

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