We all know that all living things reproduce and this is something that makes us different from nonliving matter. By breeding living beings create more like themselves. The body of a girl is just one of nature’s most glorious creations. The human race is ongoing due to it.
A woman moves through many phases in her life- childhood, puberty, matrimony, pregnancy, pregnancy, and motherhood. Lots of women feel motherhood makes her complete. For a lady her reproductive health is just as crucial as other facets of her health. If you know your reproductive system that it will be able to help you to know just how sensitive reproductive organs are, just how they make you what you are and how you’re able to keep them healthy.
Female reproductive system has
- External genital organs and
- Internal reproductive organs
The external reproductive organs: The external reproductive organs include;
- Mons pubis
- Labia majora and labia minora
- Urethral opening
Vulva: Covers the adrenal gland as well as other reproductive organs which are located inside the human body.
Mons pubis: Mons pubis is the fleshy area located just above the vaginal opening.
Labia majora and labia minora: All these are two pair of skin flaps that surround the vaginal opening. It protects the clitoris and the vaginal opening. After puberty the outer labia and the mons pubis get covered by pubic hair.
Clitoris: It is a tiny sensory organ located in the front of the vulva where the labial folds combine. It’s an organ that most involved in sexual pleasure in women.
Urethral opening: It is the opening located in between the clitoris and the Vagina. A woman urinates throughout it.
Internal reproductive organs
Vagina: it’s part of this internal reproductive organ which extends from the vaginal opening to the Uterus. The vagina is a fibromuscular hollow and distensible tube. The mucous membrane of the vagina protects and keeps it moist.
The important functions of vagina are:
- Supplies an outlet for menstrual blood.
- Facilitates sexual sex
- will help in sperm function (by capacitation of sperm)
- Acidic vaginal secretions help to avoid disease.
- Types the birth canal or pathway for the baby to come out
Hymen: This is a thin sheet of tissue using a hole inside that partly covers the vaginal opening. Hymen generally bleeds as it rips. It may get ripped during sexual intercourse or certain activities such as horse riding, cycling.
Cervix: The lower part of the Uterus that opens into the Vagina is called cervix. The Sperms after sexual intercourse must pass through it so as to reach the egg (ova).
During delivery the cervix dilates and allows the infant enter the vagina.
Uterus: Uterus or the womb has the form of an upside down pear. It’s muscular walls and a thick inner lining called the endometrium. The egg after fertilization implants itself in the uterus and the embryo develops in it during the pregnancy.
Fallopian tubes: The fallopian tubes are connected to the side of the uterus. There are two fallopian tubes one on every side. It has 20–25 finger-like constructions (fimbriae) at it’s end which are over the ovary. The fimbriae assistance to collect the mature egg when it is released from the gut. The egg once it passes the tube might be fertilized in it.
Ovaries: Ovaries in women produce eggs. They are little, almond-shaped glands on each side of the uterus. The sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are produced inside. Usually 1 egg is released from the ovary following about every 28 days.
The breastfeeding: The feminine breasts secretes milk after the infant is born, but stimulation of the breasts increases sexual enjoyment of a female
Functions of feminine reproductive system
- It creates eggs and sustains the female sex cells (known as egg or ova).
- The fertilized egg is implanted into the walls of the uterus, which commences maternity and provides a positive environment for the fetus (unborn baby)
- Produces female sexual hormones that help in reproductive cycle.